Enigma Biography

Comments Off on Enigma Biography

Band Information

Music: Ambient / Electronic / House music / New Age / Trance
Country:  Germany
Year: 1990-present
Website: http://www.enigma.de

Band Line-up:

Michael Cretu

Other/Former Members:

Sandra Cretu
Peter Cornelius
Jens Gad
David Fairstein
Frank Peterson

Enigma Biography

With Michael Cretu as its brainchild, Enigma started dealing with music history when the single, "Sadeness" which is a juxtaposition of Gregorian chants and sexual overtones over a dance beat, was released in 1991 and became a hit. Considering Enigma’s style as innovative, unique and irresistible, it successfully merged old-world culture with modern music. The first album, MCMXC a.D. received 60 platinum awards worldwide.

Enigma has followed up with numerous album but has limited success unlike the debut. The second album, Cross of Changes (1994) which conglamerated tribal chants and dance beats, where the smash hit, "Return to Innoncence" was lifted from sold 6 million albums worldwide. It was then followed by Enigma 3: Le Roi Est Mort, Vive le Roi (1996), a mix of style used in the first and second albums.The album was meticulously crafted by Cretu but failed to achieve the same level of success that the first two albums enjoyed.

The subsequent albums were a revolution for Enigma, as each transcends from one style to another. Screen Behind the Mirror (1999) included samples from Carl Orff’s Carmina Burana. Voyageur (2003) was intricately-laden with house music and trance and the latest "A Posteriori" (2006) which is more techno, electronic, than any previous one.

Enigma Discography

MCMXC a.D. (1990)
The Cross of Changes (1993)
Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi! (1996)
The Screen Behind the Mirror (1999)
Voyageur (2003)
A Posteriori (2006)

Enigma Trivia

Enigma was among the first recording group to use direct to HD recording studio and non-percussion musical instrument and vocal samples, such as the iconic Shakuhachi flute and Gregorian monk chants samples on their crossover hit album, MCMXC a.D.,

Michael Cretu, the man behind the Enigma project, decided to make a project without putting his name behind it, to be sort of a mysterious project.

In 1994, Cretu was sued by Munich-based choir Kapelle Antiqua and its record label, Polydor Germany for infringing its "right of personality" through distortion in the samples used in "Sadeness (Part I)" and "Mea Culpa".

In 1996, Return to Innocence was further popularized when it was used in a television advertisement to promote the 1996 Summer Olympics which were being held in Atlanta, USA.

The video for "Beyond the Invisible" features two ice dancers (the Finnish ice dance couple Susanna Rahkamo and Petri Kokko) skating in a forest. it was shot in Savernake Forest. The ice rink was constructed especially for the video and took over a week to freeze.